I have listed below five strategies that will help support an inclusive online learning environment:
1. Group the students to work together on tasks and assignments rather than working individually. Group the students who compliment each other into the groups. For example, a shy student who gets along with a more outgoing student may work better together and bring out the best in each other. A student who is patient can be grouped with a student who tends to have more difficulties so that the student can help the other student without frustrations.
Example: A student who is very talkative and friendly would be groups with another student who is shy and needs some time to come out of their shell. I would group these two students to work together on a science research project so that the shy student can feel more secure talking through their written discussion posts rather than face to face, and the extroverted student can have a platform to write unlimited ideas for their partner.
2. Record yourself explaining the notes as well as have the notes visually available for the students. With this method you can include students who are better with audio learning as well as visual learners.
3. Offer different methods of testing based on what the student is comfortable with. Allow the student to complete their tests by either writing out the answers for you or answering the questions for your orally.
4. Simplify or lower grade level test questions. For students who have been identified with an intellectual disability, their curriculum goals may be lower than some of the other students in the classroom. The student may not need to show the same depth as other students in the class.
5. Do not set hard deadlines. Some students may take longer than other to complete work. Giving students ample (yet reasonable) time to complete an assignment will help students complete their work to the best of their abilities without feeling the pressure of time constraints.